Día del Estado Plurinacional (Plurinational State Foundation Day)
This relatively new Bolivian holiday celebrates a change in the name of the country to "The Plurinational State of Bolivia." Evo Morales won the 2005 Bolivian general election, becoming the first President elected from the indigenous population. The name change is intended to recognise the multi-cultural nature of modern Bolivia.
In 2009, President Morales promulgated a change to the constitution of Bolivia changing the name; this was enacted on the 22nd of January, 2010, on his inauguration to a second term. On the same date this national holiday was decreed.
Morales was born to an Aymara family of subsistence farmers. (The Aymara are a pre-Incan indigenous people who have lived in what is now Bolivia for at least 800, but possibly thousands, of years.) He was a dedicated activist and reformer, and after election,
"Morales increased taxation on the hydrocarbon industry to bolster social spending and emphasized projects to combat illiteracy, poverty, racism, and sexism. Vocally criticizing neoliberalism, Morales' government moved Bolivia towards a mixed economy, reduced its dependence on the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, and oversaw strong economic growth."
Aymara musicians (Wikimedia commons)
In honor of the diversity this day celebrates, here is a new orchestration of traditional Aymara rhythms, from watching the traditional Grupo Aymara performances. Check them out; it is truly beautiful and joyful music!
Today's Video Lesson
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