Takdim watikat al-istiqlal
(Proclamation of Independence), Morocco
After more than a century struggling against European colonial powers like France, Germany, and Spain, Morocco was finally in 1912 forced to accept a treaty that made part of the country a French Protectorate and ceded control of part of Northerm Morocco to Spain. From the beginning, there was a national struggle against the French occupation.
On January 11, 1944, the Istiqlal (Independence) Party presented a manifesto demanding complete independence, reunification, and a democratic constitution. The French resident general simply dismissed its recommendations and Morocco did not achieve full independence until 1957. Nonetheless, the proclamation of Independence in the manifesto is still celebrated as an important day in Morocco's struggle for independence.
Moroccan drums: Tabl and Tibl (Wikimedia Commons)
Shaabi is a popular polyrhythmic Moroccan rhythm sometimes called the rock 'n roll of Morocco.
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